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Non-Resident Alien Interest Reporting Rules Upheld

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On January 13, 2014, the District Court for the District of Columbia dismissed the Florida Bankers Association and the Texas Bankers Association (collectively, the “Plaintiffs”) lawsuit that challenged the 2012 regulations requiring U.S. banks (including U.S. offices of non-U.S. financial institutions) to report to the I.R.S. the amount of interest paid to certain non-residents.

Pursuant to the United States’ relentless fight against offshore tax evasion, the I.R.S. finalized regulations requiring U.S. banks to report certain information on non-U.S. account holders. These regulations are necessary, in part, for countries that request reciprocal information on their resident account holders who have U.S. financial accounts as a precondition to signing an I.G.A. with the U.S. In particular, the regulations require reporting of deposit interest aggregating $10 or more paid to N.R.A.s on Form 1042-S (Foreign Person’s U.S. Source Income Subject to Withholding) for the calendar year in which interest is paid. Interest is reportable even if there is no withholding requirement. The regulations apply to all payments of interest made after January 1, 2013, and the first Form 1042-S must be filed with the I.R.S. by March 15, 2014. The reporting will be made with respect to an N.R.A. who is a resident of a country that is identified as a country with which the U.S. has in effect an income tax agreement relating to the exchange of tax information.