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Insights Vol. 5 No. 3: Updates & Other Tidbits

Insights Vol. 5 No. 3: Updates & Other Tidbits

This month, Tomi Oguntunde, Sheryl Shah, and Nina Krauthamer look briefly at four recent developments in international tax: (i) the E.U. counteroffensive to U.S. tax reform involving stricter tax rules, (ii) the amendment of Form 1023-EZ, which is a streamlined application for non-profit entities applying for tax exempt status, (iii) Spain’s crackdown on celebrities attempting to evade tax, and (iv) Luxembourg’s continued pushback against the Amazon State Aid case.

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New York Resisting S.A.L.T. Cap Under Federal Tax Reform

New York Resisting S.A.L.T. Cap Under Federal Tax Reform

When the T.C.J.A. capped the deduction for state and local income and property taxes at $10,000 – more tax can be paid, but only $10,000 can be deducted – state governments did not take the provision lightly.  One proposal that has gained traction in Albany and other state capitals involves creating charitable funds that would raise voluntary capital for specific governmental purposes.  The goal is for taxpayers to claim the charitable contributions as a deduction for Federal tax purposes and, at the same time, benefitting from a substantial credit against their state income tax liabilities.  Another, less contentious proposal would utilize employer-side payroll taxes to offer employees a credit against state and local taxes.  Nina Krauthamer, Elizabeth V. Zanet, and Sheryl Shah assess the viability of these proposals and the likely impact of tax reform on New York State.  Opinions are not consistent.  Stay tuned.

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Can the Arm’s Length Standard Beat the R.A.P.? Transfer Pricing After the T.C.J.A.

Can the Arm’s Length Standard Beat the R.A.P.? Transfer Pricing After the T.C.J.A.

Experienced tax litigators know that Congress often protects the I.R.S. when an important case is lost.  Yes, the taxpayer wins.  But Congress codifies the I.R.S. position by an amendment to the law.  The T.C.J.A. revised Code §482 legislatively, thereby reversing Tax Court decisions in the Amazon and Veritas cases that dismissed two arguments raised by the I.R.S. in transfer pricing litigation – mandatory use of aggregate basis of valuation (grouping of intangibles for valuation purposes) and the realistic alternative principle (challenging the business judgment for the transaction).  Michael Peggs and Sheryl Shah explain this attack on the arm’s length principle of taxation.

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Changes to C.F.C. Rules – More C.F.C.’s, More U.S. Shareholders, More Attribution, More Compliance

Changes to C.F.C. Rules – More C.F.C.’s, More U.S. Shareholders, More Attribution, More Compliance

T.C.J.A. changes to the Subpart F rules have the effect of deconstructing cross-border arrangements structured to prevent the creation of a C.F.C.  A change to constructive ownership rules may cause all foreign members of a foreign-based group to be treated as C.F.C.’s for certain reporting purposes merely because the group includes a member in the U.S.  A change to the definition of a U.S. Shareholder of a C.F.C. makes the value of shares owned as important as voting power in determining whether a U.S. person is a U.S. Shareholder and a foreign corporation is a C.F.C.  The 30-day requirement for a C.F.C. to be owned by a U.S. Shareholder before Subpart F applies has been eliminated.  In some instances, the changes are retroactive to the 2017 tax year.  Neha Rastogi, Sheryl Shah, Beate Erwin, and Elizabeth V. Zanet explain and provide a case study that ties everything together

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Insights Vol. 5 No. 2: Updates & Other Tidbits

Insights Vol. 5 No. 2: Updates & Other Tidbits

This month, Tomi Oguntunde, Sheryl Shah, and Nina Krauthamer look briefly at four recent developments in international tax: (i) an I.R.S. directive temporarily halting new examinations involving cost sharing agreements that do not include stock-based compensation costs, (ii) an I.R.S. appeal of a Texas District Court case in which certain anti-inversion rules were invalidated for nonconformance with the Administrative Procedures Act, (iii) Dutch measures to eliminate intragroup dividend withholding tax and address abusive tax planning channeled through the Netherlands, and (iv) a revised timeline for implementation of withholding tax on transfers involving effectively connected gain under Code §1446(f).

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