New York State will tax as a “resident” of New York: a domiciliary of the State and a person treated as a “statutory resident.” A domiciliary is generally a person whose permanent and primary home is located in New York. A statutory resident is a person who is not a domiciliary, but maintains a permanent place of abode in this state and spends in the aggregate more than 183 days of the taxable year in New York. In other words, to be a statutory resident for New York tax purposes, the person must be present in New York for more than 183 days (in the aggregate) AND maintain a permanent place of abode in New York.
New York’s highest court was asked to determine what it means to “maintain” a permanent place of abode in New York. The New York State taxing authority’s position is that a person can have a permanent place of abode, which he or she does not necessarily have to own or lease, if the person can stay there whenever he or she wants, even if he or she stays there occasionally or not at all. Special rules apply to corporate apartments, college students, and the military.